Fish Metabolism & Temperature

Why do we have to wait on surgery and other treatments until the water warms up? Well, it's one of the unusual things about aquatic veterinary medicine: our patients cannot regulate their internal body temperature. Known as "ectotherms," or "cold-blooded," fish along with amphibians and invertebrates are unable to create and store internal metabolic heat. [...]

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When Do You Need a Fish Vet?

When Do You Need a Fish Vet?

For any pet that is sick, you may be questioning if they are sick enough to warrant a trip to/from the vet. Aquatic or not, there is not always a clear line that indicates 'take to vet now!' And you know what? Your fish might NOT need a veterinarian. Here are some of the things [...]

Salt in Fish Systems

Salt is a normal component of many fish systems. Saltwater and brackish systems require salt on a continual basis. But what about freshwater systems? Some internet pages recommend keeping salt in koi/goldfish ponds/tanks at all times. Others say don't bother. What are the effects of salt on an all-freshwater species? In a freshwater environment, a [...]

Pond Bottom Cleaning – Best Practices

Now that we've covered all your potential options for pond substrates, how is the best way to go about cleaning the bottom of your pond? Here's the full checklist of tasks for all ponds to keep up with on a daily/weekly/monthly/yearly basis. If you have rocks on the bottom of your pond: To prevent the [...]

What’s at the bottom of your pond?

There are many ways to build a koi pond, and some methods can affect your maintenance regimen. Your pond bottom, also known as your substrate, can dramatically change how much time and effort you spend cleaning your pond. We'll cover some of the most common bottom covers and the pros and cons of each Gravel/Small [...]

Top 5 Spring Diseases in Koi

It's almost koi season at Aquatic Veterinary Services! Here are our most common diseases we can expect to see and the signs you should be aware of if any of these diseases are present in your pond. 5. Carp Pox Although not THE koi herpes virus, carp pox is also known as cyprinid herpesvirus-1. It [...]

pH and kH

It's time for everyone's favorite topic: water quality! Many of our clients purchase "master" test kits which include: ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, low and high pH. This is a great collection of parameters to start with, but what about kH? For those of you unfamiliar with kH, kH measures the buffering capacity of your water. Buffers [...]

Troubleshooting Fish Systems

Troubleshooting Fish Systems

Many of the fish issues we see at Aquatic Veterinary Service condense down to one thing: ineffective husbandry. Most of the time, it is not the owners fault and they receive false information from many conflicting sources. Well, we're here to set the record straight and make it easy to take care of your fish. [...]

Secrets to A Cleaner Fish System

Proper fish tank or pond maintenance takes patience to learn but is easy to master. Once you find a routine that works for you, your water will always be perfect and your fish will thank you for it. Not to mention all the money you'll save on veterinary bills! - Identify the different parts of [...]

The Princess and the Pond

The Princess and the Pond

In every veterinarian's career, there will come cases that try us mentally, physically and emotionally. For us here at Aquatic Veterinary Services, we have been tested by a case that we battled for almost 6 months. What started as a simple lesion steamrolled into a serious bacteria problem for multiple large koi. Princess, a 28" [...]