Best Substrate for Outdoor Fish Ponds

Best Substrate for Outdoor Fish Ponds

Most pet fish live in either an indoor tank or outdoor pond. We already covered what the bottom of your tank should look like, but what about your pond? Ponds are much more diverse than tanks and can come in a variety of shapes, layouts and "all natural" finishes. What is the "healthiest" bottom for [...]

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Fish Metabolism & Temperature

Why do we have to wait on surgery and other treatments until the water warms up? Well, it's one of the unusual things about aquatic veterinary medicine: our patients cannot regulate their internal body temperature. Known as "ectotherms," or "cold-blooded," fish along with amphibians and invertebrates are unable to create and store internal metabolic heat. [...]

Can koi and goldfish be kept together?

We commonly hear this question and it's a little bit of a headscratcher. Let's look into the similarities and differences of these two species and what diseases you should consider between the two. The Goldfish - Carassus auratus Among the many variations of goldfish is a common ancestor. Thought to be a distant descendant of [...]