Fish Immune Function

Fish Immune Function

When you live in a toilet, like fish do, it's critical to have a well-functioning immune system. Being ectotherms, fish rely on the temperature of their surrounding environment to dictate their metabolism and immune function. Cold water = limited activity. Warm water = more activity. Hot water = poached. All things considered, a fish's immune [...]

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How to Clean a Fish Tank

Sounds simple? Do it right and keep your stress minimal! Wash your hands and arms to your elbows. Unplug filter and lights. If you have any UV lights, unplug those too. Close any valves if you have a sump so it doesn't overflow. Remove any synthetic decor and scrub it with hot water and a [...]

Top 10 Mistakes All New Fish Owners Make

Top 10 Mistakes All New Fish Owners Make

Keeping fish couldn't be simpler! Get tank, add water and then add fish, right? Well, I'm sorry to say it just isn't that easy. Here are the 10 top mistakes that all new fish owners make. Not learning about fish prior to getting them. You wouldn't get a dog or a cat without some prior [...]

Preventing Disease in Fish Tanks and Ponds

Preventing Disease in Fish Tanks and Ponds

Everyone always wants to know how to keep their fish system from becoming infested with some horrible disease that puts all their fish at risk. Well, it's a lot simpler than you think! Quarantine. Quarantine. Quarantine. This includes plants and ALL NEW FISH. The stress of handling and transport is enough to make even the [...]

The Truth About Aquatic Plants

The Truth About Aquatic Plants

To plant or not to plant? As is the dilemma facing most freshwater tank and pond owners. Live plants can add beauty and filtration, but come with their own set of issues. If you are interested in pursing adding live plants to your system, be sure to read through the following points. WAIT! I was [...]

The Nitrogen Cycle

The Nitrogen Cycle

As you may well know, water quality is a significant aspect of pet fish health. Like the air we breathe, the water a fish swims in is directly linked to their overall health. As a fish veterinarian, we routinely test the water our patients swim in for various parameters. We discussed pH and kH previous, [...]

Water Changes & Fish

Water Changes & Fish

Most fish kept as pets are maintained in artificial systems; tanks and ponds meant to replicate their "wild" environment. In a "wild" environment, water flushes into and out of a system through streams, rivers, brooks, rain or the ocean. In an artificial tank or pond, water will come in and out at the owner's discretion, [...]

Best Fish for Beginners

Best Fish for Beginners

Interested in getting started in the fish hobby? GREAT! Don't know what to start with? Do we have ideas for you! Goldfish The very traditional goldfish is traditional for a reason. These cyprinids are hardy species that can tolerate a lot of beginner mistakes. It is recommended to start with the comet variety of goldfish. [...]

How to Be a Fish Vet

How to Be a Fish Vet

One of the most common questions I get as an aquatic veterinarian is, "how did you end up in this field?" Well, I got my start very early. I was one of those annoying kids who always knew I wanted to be a veterinarian. (For more info on my background, check out our "Why a [...]

Why Test My Water?

Why Test My Water?

As you have heard us say, time and time again, water quality is the #1 thing pet fish owners can do to take care of their fish. Why is this? Because, just like the air we breathe, the water a fish swims in has a significant impact on its overall health. Poor water quality can [...]