If you are new or old to the fish keeping hobby, no doubt you have heard the phrase “system cycling.” What does this mean? To “cycle” an aquarium is to establish its biological filtration, more specifically, your nitrogen cycle. Cycling refers to the colonization of beneficial bacteria to convert your
Why do we have to wait on surgery and other treatments until the water warms up? Well, it’s one of the unusual things about aquatic veterinary medicine: our patients cannot regulate their internal body temperature. Known as “ectotherms,” or “cold-blooded,” fish along with amphibians and invertebrates are unable to create
We commonly hear this question and it’s a little bit of a headscratcher. Let’s look into the similarities and differences of these two species and what diseases you should consider between the two. The Goldfish – Carassus auratus Among the many variations of goldfish is a common ancestor. Thought to
It may sound simple, but proper storage of your fishes’ food will allow it to retain the most nutrition for the longest period of time. However, with any fish food, you must replace it after 6 months due to the loss of water-soluble vitamins, such as vitamin C. To be
Salt is a normal component of many fish systems. Saltwater and brackish systems require salt on a continual basis. But what about freshwater systems? Some internet pages recommend keeping salt in koi/goldfish ponds/tanks at all times. Others say don’t bother. What are the effects of salt on an all-freshwater species?